Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. Dublin is
in the province of Leinster on the east coast of Ireland, at the mouth of the
River Liffey and bordered on the South by the Wicklow Mountains. The city has
an urban area population of 1,173,179 the population of the Greater Dublin
Area, as of 2016, was 1,904,806 people.
Founded as a Viking settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin became Ireland's principal city following the Norman invasion. The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was briefly the second largest city in the British Empire before the Acts of Union in 1800. Following the partition of Ireland in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, later renamed Ireland.
As of 2010, Dublin was listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city, with a ranking of "Alpha-", which places it among the top thirty cities in the world. It is a historical and contemporary center for education, the arts, administration, economy and industry.